Quantum Shot Noise

arXiv:cond-mat/0605025v1 [cond-mat.mes-hall] 30 Apr 2006. Quantum Shot Noise. Fluctuations in the flow of electrons signal the transition from particl...

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the smallest measured charge sets an upper bound for the fundamental charge. For example, a measurement in the ν=5/2 state of a charge e/4 rules out e/2 fundamental charges in this state. We present here measurement results of low frequency shot noi

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T he edge-state FQ H E has been addressed sim ultaneously in three di erent the- oreticalpapers [7,8,9],which ... ply not in evidence so far. Such data as exists m ay (or m ay not) be suggestive ofthe intuitive consensus on the edge .... 4G kB T. T h

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the Fano factor diverges at the laser threshold, while the signal-to-noise ratio ¯I2/P ... was proposed,3 that utilizes the methods of the random-matrix theory of quan- ..... This yields the optical shot noise formula (3) discussed in the introducti

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Jul 27, 2017 - R. A. Campos, M. C. Teich, and B. E. A. Saleh, Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 1348 (1990). [12] E. J. S. Fonseca, C. H. Monken, and S. Pádua, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2868 (1999). [13] H. S. Eisenberg, J. F. Hodelin, G. Khoury, and. D. Bouwmeester,