Quantum gravitational optics: the induced phase

Mar 26, 2007 - Geometrical Optics (GO) is proved to be a useful approximation for ... Application of GO, to the electromagnetic wave propagation in a ...

0 downloads 1 Views 122KB Size

Recommend Documents

Mar 26, 2007 - The geometrical approximation of the extended Maxwell equation in curved spacetime incorpo- rating interactions induced by the vacuum polarization effects is considered. Taking into account these QED interactions and employing the anal

is the free Maxwell action (which gives rise to the standard Maxwell equation (2.1)) and ... In fact it is more convenient to work with the differential operator corresponding to the scalar Green function G(x, x′) defined by. S(x, x′)=(i/D + m)G(

main this is not in general easy at all, and in practice many sophisticated theories ... A notation analogous to the definition of phase by Noh, Fouger`es and Mandel [3] may be introduced. eiθNFM = n3 − n4 + i(n5 − n6). √(n3 − n4)2 + (n5 −

Nov 5, 2002 - ∂xp ) ∂hnp. ∂xl ]. (9) ..... [4] L.P. Grishchuk, V.M. Lipunov, K.A. Postnov, M.E. Prokhorov and B.S. Sathyaprakash, Usp. Phys. Nauk, 171, 3 ...

May 9, 2012 - “shark-fin” as shown in that figure. The width, along the η direction, is significantly reduced from its value at τ0. A dramatic consequence of the ...

Sep 9, 2016 - atomic state, this second photon will be either transmitted or reflected, acquiring different phase shifts. This protocol ... the atom-cavity system that allows the implementation of quantum phase gates using the recent technologies. ..

Jul 3, 2006 - (1)ICFO-Institut de Ci`encies Fot`oniques, Jordi Girona 29, Edifici Nexus II, E-08034 Barcelona, Spain. (2)Institut für Theoretische Physik, ...

Various phase concepts may be treated as special cases of the maximum likelihood estimation. For example the dis- crete Fourier estimation that actually coincides with the op- erational phase of Noh, Foug`eres and Mandel is obtained for continuous Ga

3Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing ... non-trivial electronic properties of coexisting insulating bulk and topologically.

approximately according to the power law (P − Pc) γ . At x ≤ −0.05, a localized ... +81-29-859-2730; Fax: +81-29-859-2701; E-mail: [email protected] ...

Mar 9, 2010 - [4] E. Sjöqvist, A.K. Pati, A. Ekert, J.S. Anandan, M. Ericsson, D.K.L. Oi, V. Vedral, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85 (2000) 2845. [5] S. Chaturvedi, E. Ercolessi ...

Dec 6, 2007 - A steady-state charge current is established in the system by equilibrating the two reservoirs at different ..... Besides their role as a particle pump/sink, the leads play ..... Green functions can be obtained by inverting the matrix,.

Mar 13, 2006 - 4McDonnell Center for the Space Sciences, Department of Physics, Washington University, St. Louis,. MO 63130. ... distinguish between the two different scenarios, and we simply call the final product of the ..... Siebel et al.

states, correlated states, even and odd coherent states (Schrödinger cat states) are considered. Photon distribution functions of Schrödinger cat male and fe-.

Aug 1, 2016 - 2Vienna Center for Quantum Science and Technology, ... Quantum Optics and Quantum Information of the Austrian Academy of Sciences, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria .... lation in terms of a master equation, since these quantum.

Dec 14, 2006 - tum cloning machine that optimally approximates the forbidden ..... 360. 0.80. 0.82. 0.84. 0.86. 0.88. 0.90. F idelity. Phase [deg]. F. A. F. B. FIG.

Quantum Phase Gate Operation Based on Nonlinear Optics: Full Quantum Analysis. C. Ottaviani, S. Rebic, D. Vitali and P. Tombesi. Dipartimento di Fisica, Universit`a di Camerino, I-62032 Camerino (MC), Italy. We present a full quantum treatment of a f

Jun 30, 2010 - lator, which consists of a second-order nonlinear optical medium, such ..... so there is a standard quantum limit (SQL) to voltage measurement ...

Jul 4, 2007 - Laser interferometric gravitational wave detectors employ partly transmissive mirrors as 50/50 ... For a laser beam of wavelength λ incident onto a grating, the ... b2 a2 b3. (a). (c) η1 η2 η1. Input. P0. Input η1 η0 a3. Figure 2.

Aug 17, 2015 - of these papers the required operators are introduced by hand, with no account of their dynamical origin, in the expectation that they may arise from some unspecified, more fundamental theory. Email addresses: [email protected]

May 20, 2015 - Let (T,X,Y,Z,Pt,Px,Py,Pz) be a solution with no grav- itational wave. ..... interactive animations written in Python using the mat- plotlib library [35]. ... verse,” (2013). [14] F. B. Estabrook and H. D. Wahlquist, General Relativit

groove depth of 40 − 50nm; right: groove depth 150nm. The rectangular pattern visible at the bottom is washed out towards the top of the grating. ρ2. 0 = 98.5% ...

Dec 29, 2010 - the quantum revivals [9–12] and asymptotic Mathieu solutions using ... of energy eigen states of the potential via wavepacket evolution.

Aug 6, 2015 - in the presence of a plane-symmetric gravitational wave. This may be viewed as an ..... information required to characterize the propagation of light can i) be embedded in ...... [4] Book L G and Flanagan É É 2011 Phys. Rev.