Quantum Cryptography - Semantic Scholar

confidential information there is an ever increasing need for encryption to ensure that this ... information about it? It is provably impossible to es...

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Apr 1, 2008 - Quantum Hacking. 38. A. Attacks. 38. B. Counter-measures. 42. C. Importance of quantum hacking. 42. VIII. Beyond Quantum Key Distribution. 43. IX. Future Directions. 45 .... to obtain c1 + c2 mod 2 = m1 + m2 + 2k mod 2 = m1 + m2 mod 2,

new methods and techniques to secure data transmission and data storage. This is the goal of cryptography. ... or secret, and γραϕ´η, writing, cryptography may generally be defined as the art of writing (encryption) and ..... and secret,6 and c

Sep 18, 2001 - and even much more quantum computers, require a full quantum ... IBM and Gilles Brassard from Montréal University (1984,. 1985)3. However, this idea ...... perturbation (Piron 1990) and because they can be repre- sented by ...

E. Free space line-of-sight applications . . 29. F. Multi-users implementations . . . . . . 30. V. Experimental quantum cryptography with photon pairs. 31. A. Polarization ..... historical account, see for example the book by Simon Singh. (1999). ers

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Dec 2, 2015 - of exchanging and processing information in a secure fashion. We focus on two- party (or mistrustful) cryptography, whose goal is to protect the privacy of an honest party interacting with potentially dishonest partners. Then, we introd

Fax: +61 6 249 0741 Telephone: +61 6 249 4105. E-mail: ... advantages in working with single photons, particularly in free-space where scattered light levels can be .... wishes to send the data to Bob with a bit error rate (BER) of about 1%.

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Mar 30, 2017 - 2In fact, one can construct examples where the probability of a successful impersonation attack is higher than the probability of a successful substitution attack. This can occur, because any valid cipher generated by the adversary is