On Hidden Variables: Value and Expectation No-Go Theorems

Oct 17, 2015 - No-go theorems assert that hidden-variable theories, subject to appropriate hypotheses, cannot reproduce the predic- tions of quantum t...

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excited calcium atoms undergo a 0+ to 1- to 0+ atomic cascade and provide a pair of photons, assumed to be emitted ... Next, authors of [4] formulate what hidden variables theories mean in generalized view. ... Since every tiny turn of clock's "hand"

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Aug 24, 2011 - are characterized by hidden variables which control the appearance of links between node pairs. .... We define the class of bipartite networks with hidden ..... The above form of r(κ, λ) implies that the hidden variable of a node can

Jan 25, 2017 - making predictions on production processes without the need to make further assumptions. In the last part, ... experimental data it is common practice in classical statistics to define a certain confidence interval .... any statistical

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Oct 31, 2001 - chooses to measure in one spacetime region can have no effect of any kind in ... than being, as regards the hidden-variable aspect, a direct violation of those .... outcome R2+, but in which Robert would not have obtained outcome R1−

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Jul 6, 2004 - states have non-standard or 'nonequilibrium' distributions of hidden variables, ... information concerning its detailed structure is screened off from the exterior. ..... the symmetry axis, all particles will land on only one half of th

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3The theorem due to von Neumann is not as closely connected with these concepts as the ..... 23We ignore here the possibility of an external magnetic field. 24In the following description, we use the terms observable and operator interchangeably. 7 .

through the reception of a common signal [1, 2, 3]; on the other hand, their explicit dependence on the meaningful .... three possible probability distributions for the joint outcomes of Alice and Bob; a probability is measured by the area of the ...

Feb 1, 2008 - only one of the corresponding answers ought to be “yes”). This conclusion .... (b) For each of the four tests involving factorizable and ... [1] E. P. Specker, Dialectica 14, 239 (1960). English ver- sion in The Logico-Algebraic App