Meaning of the wave function

localized particle with mass and charge at every instant, and thus there will not exist any self-interaction for the ... local way; the particle is st...

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May 7, 2014 - In particular, its predictively relevant part relies on reduced density matrices, whose formalism and inter- pretation presume the collapse postulate and Born's rule. Thus if we understand the quantum measurement prob- lem as the questi

Dec 12, 1995 - complicated but completely equivalent form, by David Bohm more than forty years ago. [3]. Moreover, a preliminary version of this theory was presented by de Broglie almost at the inception of quantum mechanics. Its principal advocate f

Aug 11, 2003 - duce the physical wave functions of the universe that admit a genuine probabilistic interpretation. ... in this article is based on the results obtained within the theory of pseudo-Hermitian operators. ... correspond to an open, flat,

Nov 7, 2016 - 6.2.2 The answer of protective measurement. 58. 6.3 The ... 6.3.3 An argument for random discontinuous motion. 66. 6.4 Further discussion. 68. 7. The ontology of quantum mechanics (II). 70. 7.1 Wave function realism? 70 .... is an unit

as only one set of parameters, the power spectrum, needs to be calculated. For these reasons, Gaussianity is commonly ... are the square, or a power, of a Gaussian random field [7]. Furthermore, there have been a ... 1 Contrary to a popular myth, the

In 1862 he wrote in On Physical Lines of Force [1],. “We can scarcely avoid the inference that light consists in the traverse undulations of the same medium which is the cause of electric and magnetic phenomena.” Maxwell's equations are, for a so

Coherent electrons such as those in electron microscopes, exhibit wave phenomena and may be described by the paraxial wave equation1. In analogy to light-waves2,3, governed by the same equation, these electrons share many of the fundamental traits an

terms from classical mechanics, and examine the situation in quantum mechanics; in particular, we will .... coordinates may be chosen (eg the function labeled F4(pi,Pi,t) by Goldstein [17]; in this representation, the pi's .... the wave function will

resolution of our reading and registration devices were fine enough. Macro- scopic objects resemble alpha particles ..... time-dependent but dispersion-free Gaußian wave packets for the amplitudes of classical wave modes ... Moreover, the entropy an

Dec 23, 2015 - that quantum mechanics may break down when it is applied to systems with a great number of constituent ... tivism, intuitionism, constructive recursive mathematics (CRM) or Bishop's constructive mathe- .... center of what it means to f

Xiao-Yin Pan, Viraht Sahni, and Lou Massa. The Graduate School of the City University of New York, New York, New York 10016. (Dated: April 11, 2017). 1 ...... RR-03037, from the National Center for Research Resources, National Institutes of Health. [

Nov 5, 2014 - 1An earlier version of this paper was contributed to an online workshop on the ..... Although this spatialization of time fails to do justice to the.

Nov 5, 2014 - (other than as a probability algorithm) will help with the project of making sense of quantum mechanics .... compelling reason to believe that this identity ceases when it ceases to have observable consequences ... is one and the same e

In harmony with the expansion (2), we may simply use the eigenfunctions {Ψni } to expand the wave function throughout the dynamical process. To ensure all the things go smoothly, we need to ... non-negative integer n. Actually, the difficulty can be

Protective measurement, which was proposed as a method of observ- ing the wavefunction of a single system, is extended to the observation of the density matrix of a single system. d'Espagnat's definition of 'proper mixture' is shown to be improper be

carries, at least implicitly, much more philosophical baggage than this. It has, for example, been taken to include the negation of the principle of causality. 2In this paper, I ... the quantum theory set off one of Einstein's quotable remarks. He as

Daniel Lehmann∗. Institute of Computer Science,. Hebrew University,. Jerusalem 91904, Israel [email protected] August 6th, 1999. Abstract .... which concludes the second stage of our derivation of (E). We summarize this soundness result. Theor

Jun 12, 2015 - formulation of this equation in terms of the motion of freely falling test particles. We also sketch ... In the last section we explain why our verbal formulation is equivalent to the usual one in terms of tensors. .... while the ball

Firing a compressed air pistol in a room is, among others, an adequate experiment to test the dynamics of spontaneous expansion. This may be done either in an acoustic reverberation room or in an anechoic chamber. In the first case, brutal expansion

Jan 4, 2006 - In what follows, we start by outlining some differences between special and general relativity. Next we give a .... Suppose two people stand side-by-side on the equator and start walking north, both .... if we treat the coffee grains as

Aug 16, 2017 - Abstract—We propose a rigorous characterization of what it means for a programming language to be memory safe, captur- ing the intuition that memory safety supports local reasoning about state. We formalize this principle in two diff

conceptual dilemma may have its origin in the conventional operational foun- ... in Max Jammer's informative books [2], where you will also find the relevant .... back in this theory). Evidently this wave function cannot merely represent a statistica

Nov 5, 2003 - time needed for conscious experience sets a lower interval of about 300-500 msecs ... The random decision to show this visual stimulus to the first ... Upon arrival they were fully informed about the purpose and potential implication of

Jan 21, 2017 - But it turned out to be too down-to- earth to allow a coherent and aesthetically satisfying treatment of the maps V −→ W. The note [I2], which eventually led to the present paper, was written in response to a question about the geo